Landscape Painting by Qing Dynasty Master Painter Wang Hui (1632-1717)

清代大畫家王翬 (1632-1717) 山水畫

Wang Hui (1632-1717),

zi Shigu, hao Quqiao, Gengyan Sanren, Qinghui Zhuren, Wumu Shanren, Jianmen Qiaoke, was a native of Changsu, Jiangsu. His talent in painting was much recognized by Wang Jian who later took him as a student. Then he followed Wang Shimin as well and got the valuable chance of studying and copying the ancient masterpieces of Chinese paintings in the two Wangs' collections. He was summoned to the capital in 1691 to paint the work Imperial Procession to the South for Emperor Kangxi, who wrote a piece of calligraphy with the four characters shanshui qinghui written on it, for appraising the artistic merit of Wang's landscapes. since then he became the most prominent painter. Contemporaries acclaimed him the "Sage of Painting" and the founder of Yushan School.

Wang was particularly proficient in copying ancient masterpieces, ranging from the works of the Tang masters to those of the Ming. Besides he succeeded in grasping the stylistic essence of both the Southern and Northern Schools of landscapes painting, that can be evidenced by his statement, "with the brushwork of Yuan masters, I painted the landscape after the Song model and enriched it with the apiritual resonance of the Tang masters, and through this I could achieve the Great Synthesis". Excelled in depicting landscapes, bamboo and rocks, Wang's style in his middle age was characterized by orderly compositions and meticulous brushwork, while that in his years was tinged with a sense of desolation. he was also noted for painting the landscape in the blue-and-green style and receiving this genre of painting into fashion. He was also known as one of the "Six Masters of the Early Qing Dynasty".



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