Cossacks Oil Painting by Jewish Painter Max Schnitman (to be researched)
Dated 1852 (?)
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History of the Cossacks
Colonisation of Siberia · Khmelnytsky Uprising · Treaty of Hadiach · Bulavin Rebellion · Pugachev's Rebellion · 1st Cavalry Army · Decossackization · Betrayal of the Cossacks · XVth SS Cossack Cavalry Corps · 1st Cossack Division
Andrei Shkuro · Bohdan Khmelnytsky · Ivan Mazepa · Ivan Sirko · Pyotr Krasnov . Stenka Razin · Yemelyan Pugachev · Yermak Timofeyevich
Ataman · Hetman · Papakha · Plastun · Shashka · Stanitsa
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The Cossacks Ukrainian: ???????, Kozaky, (Russian: ???????, Kazaki; Polish: Kozacy) are a traditional community of militant people living in the southern steppe regions of Eastern Europe (primarily Ukraine and southern Russia) and later Asian Russia. They are famous for their self-reliance and military skills, particularly horsemanship. "Cossack" may also refer to a member of a Cossack military unit.
Different Cossack groups are identified with different hosts, or regions. The Cossacks of the Zaporozhian, Don, Terek and Ural hosts, as well as areas of Siberia (such as the Baikal Cossacks) are the best known. Cossacks first became widely known in western Europe in the mid-17th century as a result of the great revolt of Bohdan Khmelnytsky and the Zaporozhians against the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in what is now Ukraine, which shook the geopolitical foundations of eastern Europe.
Their numbers grew during late medieval times, joined by numerous Russian and Ruthenian serfs fleeing from their owners. Eventually Cossacks became guardians of ethnic and state boundaries. In the 18th and 19th centuries Cossacks in Europe became known for the numerous wars with Russia and contributed to the stereotypical portrayal of Russia
Cossacks served in the Russian regular army in various wars throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. During the Russian Civil War they fought for both the Red Army and White Army. The Don Cossack Host were one of the main military forces resisting the Bolsheviks. Cossack military regiments were, however, reformed prior to the World War II. Currently in Russia, Cossacks are seen as either ethnic descendants or by their active military service and often both. The latter category was listed as a separate group in the census and there are currently up to 150,000 Cossacks in military service in Russia and up to several million descendants aware of their Cossack heritage, which is now experiencing a revival, particularly in the south of Russia.
Some information about the Painter
Max Schnitman Memorial Exhibition
American Jewish Artist Club
Congregation B'nai Tikvah
1558 Wilmot RoadDeerfield, Illinois
April 29, 1998 - June 1, 1998
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