Ming Dynasty Wanli Mark (1573-1619) Porcelain Jar with "Deers in the Woods" Pattern
Painted in Underglaze Blue and Overglaze Polychrome Enamels
明代 萬曆 (A.D.1573-1619) "鹿在樹林中"青花五彩罐
Dimension of the jar is about 29 cm (largest diameter in the middle) x 34 cm (height).
The ascendancy of polychrome enamel decoration over other ornamental techniques seen in porcelains of the Jiajing-Wangli periods could represent an attempt to compensate for the low quality of potting by making an ambitious display of color. Ceramic painters were adept and imaginative with their palette of enamels and sought to achieve a maximum number of effects.
An important innovation of the Jiajing -Wangli periods (1522-1619), the so-called wucai ("five-color") decoration, was one of the last major additions to the lexicon of ornamental techniques developed during the Ming dynasty, Despite its name, the number of colors in wucai decoration is not strictly limited to five. Wucai, like doucai, is a combination of underglaze blue and overglaze polychrome enamels. However, where the soft underglaze blue of doucai was primarily used for dainty outline that laid the groundwork for elegant little washes of pale enamel colors, the dark blue of wucai was applied in bold washes to complement vigorous splashes of strong overglaze colors, and outlining was mostly done in overglaze red, brown, or black.
Fu Lu Shou (Chinese: 福祿壽; pinyin: Fú Lù Shòu) refers to the concept of Good Fortune (Fu), Prosperity (Lu), and Longevity (Shou). This Taoist concept is thought to date back to the Ming Dynasty, when the Fu Star, Lu Star and Shou Star were considered to be personified deities of these attributes respectively. The term is commonly used in Chinese culture to denote the three attributes of a good life. Since the pronunciation of "deer" is similar to "Lu" in Chinese so that deer is one of the most favored symbols in the design of porcelain patterns to denote prosperity.
The wucai porcelain is a kind of overglaze decoration porcelain which is made by firing the already-fired plain base painted with a few colorful patterns in the colorful kiln with 770 - 800 degrees Celsius. It features rich colors, with red, yellow, green, blue, purple etc as the basic hue. As it has clear lines and the firing temperature is slightly higher than that of famille rose, and the color not so soft, it is also called "yingcai" (literally, hard color).
Wucai is a new variety of the Jingdezhen Kiln during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. As blue paint did not exist in the Ming Dynasty, blue-and-white took the place where blue color should be presented, hence the name "blue-and-white wucai". It then became a feature peculiar to the age, with wucai in the Jiajing and Wanli Periods as the representatives.
二、 與明代斗彩的區別在於 後者是青花雙鉤線內填以所需要色彩。
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